Hassle-Free Compliance Management

Simplify your compliance processes with our comprehensive solution for calculation, payments, and filings, including Tax Deducted at Source (TDS), Professional Tax, Provident Fund (PF), Employee State Insurance (ESI), and National Pension System (NPS). Our platform ensures adherence to Indian regulations, reducing risks and administrative burdens.

Wisemonk is a leader in Employer of Record (EOR) on G2
Wisemonk is a leader in Employer of Record (EOR) on G2
Wisemonk is a leader in Asia Employer of Record (EOR) on G2
Wisemonk is a leader in Employer of Record (EOR) on G2
Wisemonk is a leader in Employer of Record (EOR) on G2

Simplify your Payroll Ops in India

End to End platform. On-ground HR team. 100% compliance!

Medical Insurance - Promoplus X Webflow Template

Flexible Benefits Administration

Offer your employees a range of flexible benefits tailored to their needs, including health insurance, tax free salary components, and wellness programs.

Come And Join Our
Amazing Team - Promoplus X Webflow Template

Employee App

Streamline communication and enhance productivity with our Employee & Manager App. This all-in-one platform offers real-time updates, leaves and reimbursement management.

100% Remote - Promoplus X Webflow Template

Compliance Calculation

Our platform automates the calculation of statutory contributions such as Provident Fund (PF), Employee State Insurance (ESI), Professional Tax, and Tax Deducted at Source (TDS).

Statutory Compliance and Payroll for your EOR Employees in India: A Complete Guide

Understanding Payroll & Compliance in India is crucial for any business, especially for foreign companies looking to hire in the country. India's payroll landscape is governed by a complex web of central and state labor laws, tax regulations, and statutory requirements. Navigating these intricacies is essential not only for legal compliance but also for maintaining a positive employer-employee relationship, ensuring financial stability, and fostering a productive work environment. This guide will delve into the key components of payroll and compliance in India, including salary structure, statutory deductions, tax-saving mechanisms, leaves, and company policies, providing a comprehensive overview of foreign companies hiring in India.

The key components of Payroll & Compliance in India that a company should observe include salary structure, statutory deductions, tax-saving mechanisms, leaves, and company policies. Here is a detailed breakdown of each component:

Salary Structure

A typical salary structure in India includes several components, each serving a specific purpose and having distinct tax implications. Here’s a detailed breakdown:

Basic Salary:

This is the core component of the salary, usually constituting 40-50% of the total salary. It is fully taxable and forms the basis for calculating other components like Provident Fund (PF) and Gratuity.

For example, if the total salary is ₹10,00,000, the basic salary would be ₹4,00,000 to ₹5,00,000.

House Rent Allowance (HRA):

HRA helps employees cover their rental expenses. It is partially exempt from tax under Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act, subject to conditions such as actual rent paid minus 10% of basic salary, 50% of basic salary for metro cities, or 40% for non-metro cities.

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA):

LTA covers travel expenses for employees and their families within India. It is tax-exempt under Section 10(5) of the Income Tax Act, provided the employee submits proof of travel. This exemption can be claimed twice in a block of four years.

Medical Allowance:

This is a fixed allowance for medical expenses, typically up to ₹15,000 per year. It is taxable unless provided as medical reimbursement against actual medical bills.

Special Allowance:

This component is fully taxable and is used to balance the salary structure. It does not have any specific tax exemptions or benefits.

Provident Fund (PF):

Both employer and employee contribute 12% of the basic salary towards the employee's retirement savings. The employee's contribution is eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.


This is a lump sum paid to employees who have completed at least five years of service. It is calculated as 15 days' salary for each year of service, and it is tax-exempt up to ₹20,00,000 under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

Performance Bonus:

This is an additional amount paid based on the employee's performance. It is fully taxable and varies based on company policy and individual performance metrics

Statutory Deductions

Statutory deductions are mandatory contributions that must be deducted from an employee's salary as per government regulations. These deductions ensure employee welfare and social security. Here's a detailed breakdown:

Provident Fund (PF):

PF is a retirement savings scheme where 12% of the basic salary is deducted from the employee's salary, and an equal amount is contributed by the employer.

For example, if an employee's basic salary is ₹50,000, the employee and employer each contribute ₹6,000 towards PF. The employee's contribution is eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Employee State Insurance (ESI):

ESI is applicable to employees earning up to ₹21,000 per month. The employee contributes 0.75% of their salary, while the employer contributes 3.25%.

For instance, if an employee earns ₹20,000 per month, the employee's ESI contribution would be ₹150, and the employer's contribution would be ₹650.

Professional Tax:

Professional Tax is a state-level tax, and the amount varies by state. It is deducted from the employee's salary based on predefined slabs.

For example, in Maharashtra, the professional tax slabs range from ₹0 to ₹200 per month, depending on the employee's salary.

Income Tax (TDS):

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is based on the employee's income tax slab rates. Employers must deduct TDS from the employee's salary and remit it to the government. The tax slabs for the financial year 2023-24 range from 0% to 30%, with additional surcharges and cess applicable based on the total income.

Labour Welfare Fund:

Some states require employers to contribute a small amount towards the Labour Welfare Fund, which is used for the welfare of laborers. The contribution amount varies by state and is typically a nominal sum.

Employers must ensure accurate calculation and timely deduction of these statutory contributions to avoid penalties and legal complications.

Tax-Saving Mechanisms

Employees in India can save taxes through various allowances and deductions provided by the Income Tax Act. Here are some of the key tax-saving mechanisms:

House Rent Allowance (HRA):

HRA is partially exempt from tax if the employee pays rent. The exemption is the lowest of the following:

  • Actual HRA received
  • 50% of basic salary (for metro cities) or 40% (for non-metro cities)
  • Actual rent paid minus 10% of basic salary
    For example, if an employee's basic salary is ₹50,000 per month, HRA is ₹20,000, and rent paid is ₹18,000, the exemption would be ₹13,000 (lowest of ₹20,000, ₹25,000, and ₹13,000).

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA):

LTA is exempt from tax for travel expenses incurred within India for the employee and their family. The exemption is limited to the actual expenses incurred or the amount received from the employer, whichever is lower.

Section 80C Deductions:

Investments and expenses up to ₹1.5 lakh in specified instruments like Provident Fund (PF), life insurance premiums, Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), National Savings Certificate (NSC), and tax-saving fixed deposits are eligible for deduction under Section 80C.

Section 80D Deductions:

Premiums paid for health insurance are deductible under Section 80D. For individuals below 60 years, the deduction limit is ₹25,000, while for senior citizens (60 years and above), it is ₹50,000. An additional deduction of ₹25,000 to ₹50,000 can be claimed for parents' health insurance.

National Pension Scheme (NPS):

Contributions to NPS are eligible for additional deductions under Section 80CCD(1B) up to ₹50,000, over and above the ₹1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C. This means an employee can claim a total deduction of up to ₹2 lakh for investments in NPS and other specified instruments.

By leveraging these tax-saving mechanisms, employees can significantly reduce their taxable income and optimize their tax liability. It is essential to plan investments and expenses wisely to maximize tax savings while ensuring financial goals are met.

Leaves in India

Indian labor laws mandate various types of leaves to ensure employee welfare and work-life balance. Here’s a detailed overview:

Earned Leave (EL):

Employees are entitled to a minimum of 15 days of earned leave per year, which can be carried forward. Government employees enjoy up to 30 days annually, with a carry-forward limit of up to 300 days.

Sick Leave (SL):

Typically, employees are entitled to 12 days of sick leave per year. This leave is meant for short-term illnesses and can be accumulated in some organizations. For instance, the Indian Shops and Establishment Act allows up to 7 days of paid sick leave.

Casual Leave (CL):

Employees are usually entitled to 7-10 days of casual leave per year. This leave is for unforeseen circumstances and cannot be carried forward. It is often used for personal emergencies or short-term needs.

Maternity Leave:

Female employees are entitled to 26 weeks of paid maternity leave under the Maternity Benefit Act, of 2017. This includes 8 weeks of pre-natal and 18 weeks of post-natal leave. For the third child, the leave is reduced to 12 weeks.

Paternity Leave:

Some companies offer paternity leave, though it is not mandated by law. Central government employees are entitled to 15 days of paternity leave, which can be taken within six months of the child's birth.

Public Holidays:

Employees are entitled to national and state-specific public holidays. These include three national holidays (Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti) and various state-specific holidays based on local festivals and events

Different Company Policies in India

Company policies in India are essential guidelines that dictate how an organization operates and how employees are expected to behave. These policies ensure consistency, legal compliance, and a positive work environment. Here are some key company policies commonly adopted in India:

Code of Conduct:

This policy outlines the expected behavior and ethical standards for employees. It includes guidelines on professionalism, use of company assets, conflict of interest, and disciplinary actions.

Equal Employment Opportunity Policy:

Ensures fairness and equality in hiring, promotions, and other employment practices, prohibiting discrimination based on personal characteristics such as gender, religion, caste, or disability.

Health and Safety Policy:

Specifies safety procedures and protocols to ensure a safe working environment. It includes guidelines on accident reporting, emergency procedures, and measures to promote employee well-being.

Attendance and Leave Policy:

Defines the rules for time off, including earned leave, sick leave, casual leave, and public holidays. It also outlines the procedures for requesting and granting leave.

Data Protection Policy:

Specifies how personal and business data should be handled to ensure confidentiality and compliance with data protection laws. It includes guidelines on data storage, access, and sharing.

Grievance Policy:

Provides a formal process for employees to raise concerns or complaints. It ensures that grievances are investigated promptly and handled confidentially.

Anti-Bribery/Anti-Corruption Policy:

Prevents illegal acts that compromise the organization’s integrity. It covers gifts, hospitality, sponsorships, and third-party connections, and includes a transparent reporting system for infractions.

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy:

Protects the company’s intellectual property, including patents and copyrights developed by employees. It ensures compliance with laws such as India’s Copyright Act and international treaties like TRIPS.

Performance Management and Appraisal Policy:

Outlines the process for evaluating employee performance, including goal-setting, feedback, and development plans. It ensures fair and objective appraisals.

Sexual Harassment Prevention Policy:

Complies with the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013. It establishes procedures to prevent, address, and redress incidents of sexual harassment.


Q: What is the Employees Provident Fund and how does it benefit employees?

A: The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) is a retirement savings scheme mandated by the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. Both the employer and employee contribute 12% of the employee's basic salary towards the fund. The EPF provides financial security and stability to employees post-retirement, with the accumulated amount being paid out upon retirement or termination of employment.

Q: What are the key components of effective payroll management?

A: Effective payroll management involves accurately calculating employee salaries, ensuring timely payments, deducting necessary taxes, and complying with statutory requirements. It includes maintaining records, processing payroll, managing benefits, and ensuring adherence to labor laws and tax regulations. Utilizing payroll software can streamline these processes and reduce errors.

Q: What is a legal employer and how is it defined?

A: A legal employer is a legal entity that employs workers and is responsible for complying with employment laws and regulations. In the context of payroll and HR, the legal employer is the entity that holds the employment contracts and is accountable for employee-related statutory compliance, including tax filings and social security contributions.

Q: How does an Employer of Record (EOR) simplify international hiring?

A: An Employer of Record (EOR) is a third-party organization that manages the legal, HR, tax, and local compliance responsibilities of employees in countries where a company does not have an established entity. The Employer of Record (EOR) handles payroll, benefits, tax filings, and ensures compliance with local labor laws, allowing businesses to hire and manage international employees without setting up a local entity.

Q: What are minimum wages and how are they determined in India?

A: Minimum wages are the lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their employees. In India, minimum wages are determined by both central and state governments and vary based on factors such as industry, location, and skill level. The Minimum Wages Act, 1948, mandates the payment of minimum wages to ensure fair compensation for workers.

Q: What is payroll compliance and why is it important?

A: Payroll compliance refers to adhering to all legal and regulatory requirements related to employee compensation, including tax deductions, social security contributions, and labor laws. Ensuring payroll compliance is crucial to avoid legal penalties, maintain employee trust, and ensure smooth business operations.

Q: What are the key provisions of the Employees Provident Fund Act?

A: The Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952, mandates the establishment of provident funds for employees in certain establishments. Key provisions include compulsory contributions from both employers and employees, the establishment of the Employees' Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) to manage the funds, and guidelines for withdrawals and advances from the fund.

Q: How is the minimum wage different from the living wage?

A: The minimum wage is the legally mandated lowest amount that employers must pay their employees, as defined by the Minimum Wages Act. The living wage, on the other hand, is an estimated wage level that allows an individual to afford adequate shelter, food, and other necessities. While the minimum wage is legally enforceable, the living wage is a broader concept aimed at ensuring a decent standard of living.

Q: What is the Employees State Insurance (ESI) scheme and who is eligible?

A: The Employees State Insurance (ESI) scheme is a social security and health insurance program for Indian workers, governed by the Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948. It provides medical, disability, maternity, and other benefits. Employees earning up to ₹21,000 per month are eligible, with contributions from both employers (3.25%) and employees (0.75%).

Q: What are the key tax regulations that employers must comply with in India?

A: Employers in India must comply with various tax regulations, including the deduction of Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) from employee salaries, contributions to the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), and Employees State Insurance (ESI). They must also file regular returns and ensure timely remittance of taxes to avoid penalties.

Q: Why is statutory compliance important for businesses in India?

A: Statutory compliance ensures that businesses adhere to all legal and regulatory requirements, including labor laws, tax regulations, and social security contributions. It is crucial for avoiding legal penalties, maintaining a good reputation, and ensuring the smooth operation of business activities.

Q: How can employees check their Employee Provident Fund (EPF) balance?

A: Employees can check their Employee Provident Fund (EPF) balance through the EPFO portal using their Universal Account Number (UAN). They can also use the EPFO mobile app or send an SMS to the designated number provided by EPFO to receive balance details.

Q: What is the Employees Pension Scheme (EPS) and who contributes to it?

A: The Employees Pension Scheme (EPS) is a social security scheme aimed at providing pension benefits to employees after retirement. It is funded by diverting 8.33% of the employer's contribution to the EPF. Employees do not contribute directly to the EPS.

Q: What are the key provisions of the Maternity Benefits Act, 1961?

A: The Maternity Benefits Act, 1961, provides female employees with 26 weeks of paid maternity leave, including pre-natal and post-natal leave. It also includes provisions for maternity bonus, nursing breaks, and protection against dismissal during maternity leave.

Q: What components are typically included in employee salaries in India?

A: Employee salaries in India typically include basic salary, House Rent Allowance (HRA), Leave Travel Allowance (LTA), medical allowance, special allowance, and performance bonuses. Statutory deductions such as Provident Fund (PF) and Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) are also part of the salary structure.